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全面推进高等学校课程思政建设——教育部高等教育司负责人就《高等学校课程思政建设指导纲要》答记者问

发布时间: 2019-06-18 来源:BG真人官网_BG真人「官方入口」

   近日,教育部印发了《高等学校课程思政建设指导纲要》(以下简称《纲要》)。教育部高等教育司负责人就《纲要》相关问题回答了记者提问。

   一、《纲要》出台的背景和重要意义是什么? 

  da: yinfashishi《gangyao》,quanmiantuijingaoxiaokechengsizhengjiansheshishenruguancheluoshibgzhenrenguanwangzongshujibgzhenren「guanfangrukou」jiaoyudezhongyaolunshuhequanguojiaoyudahuijingshendezhongyaojucuo。dangdeshibadayilai,bgzhenrenguanwangzongshujixianhouzhuchibgzhenrenguanwangquanguogaoxiaosixiangzhengzhigongzuohuiyi、quanguojiaoyudahui、xuexiaosixiangzhengzhililunkejiaoshizuotanhuidengzhongyaohuiyi,zuochuyixiliezhongyaozhishi,qiangdiaoyaojiaqianggaoxiaosixiangzhengzhijiaoyu,zheixiezhongyaojianghuaweituijingaoxiaokechengsizhengjianshegongzuozhimingleqianjinfangxiang、tigonglegenbenzunxun。jiaoyubudangzugaoduzhongshi,renzhenguanchedangzhongyang、guowuyuanbushu,duigaoxiaokechengsizhengjianshezuochuyixiliegongzuoanpai,zaixuekezhuanye、yiliubenke、jiaoshipeixun、jiaoxuepinggudenggongzuozhongjinxingzhongdianbushu,zhidaoyanzhichutai《gangyao》。

  yinfashishi《gangyao》,quanmiantuijingaoxiaokechengsizhengjiansheshiluoshilideshurengenbenrenwudezhanlvejucuo。zaigaoxiaojiazhisuzao、zhishichuanshou、nenglipeiyang“sanweiyiti”derencaipeiyangmubiaozhong,jiazhisuzaoshidiyiyaowu。quanmiantuijinkechengsizhengjianshe,jiushiyaoyujiazhiguanyindaoyuzhishichuanshouhenenglipeiyangzhizhong,bangzhuxueshengsuzaozhengquedeshijieguan、renshengguan、jiazhiguan,zheiyijucuoyingxiangshenzhijuedingzhejiebanrenwenti,yingxiangshenzhijuedingzheguojiazhangzhijiuan,yingxiangshenzhijuedingzheminzufuxingheguojiajueqi。

BG真人官网  yinfashishi《gangyao》,quanmiantuijingaoxiaokechengsizhengjiansheshitishengrencaipeiyangzhiliangdeguanjianyizhao。gaoxiaorencaipeiyangshiyurenheyucaixiangtongyideguocheng。dangqian,gaoxiaozhonghaibutongchengducunzaizhuanyejiaoyuyusixiangzhengzhijiaoyu“liangzhangpi”xianxiang,weinenghenhaoxingchengyurenheli、fahuichukechengyurendegongneng。quanmiantuijinkechengsizhengjianshejiushiyaojiejuezheiyiwenti,bajiaoyujiaoxuezuoweizuijichuzuigenbendegongzuo,goujiangenggaoshuipingrencaipeiyangtixi,cujinxueshengquanmianfazhan。

  二、全面推进高校课程思政建设的工作目标是什么

  da: kechengsizhengjianshezongdemubiaojiushi,lizuyujiejuepeiyangshenmeren、zenyangpeiyangren、weisheipeiyangrenzheiyigenbenwenti,weiraoquanmiantigaorencaipeiyangnenglizheigehexindian,zaiquanguosuoyougaoxiao、suoyouxuekezhuanyequanmiantuijin,rangkechengsizhengdelinianzaigedigegaoxiaoxingchengguangfangongshi,quanmiantishengguangdajiaoshibgzhenrenguanwangkechengsizhengjianshedeyishihenengli,jianlijianquanxietongtuijinkechengsizhengjianshedetizhijizhi,goujianquanyuanquanchengquanfangweiyurendageju,nulipeiyangdandangminzufuxingdarendeshidaixinren,peiyangdezhitimeilaoquanmianfazhandeshehuizhuyijianshezhehejiebanren。

  三、全面推进课程思政建设的主要工作思路是什么? 

  da: jiaoyubujianchi“sigexiangtongyi”quanmiantuijinkechengsizhengjianshegongzuo。

  diyi,jianchizhishichuanshouhejiazhiyinlingxiangtongyi。yurenweiben,deyuweixian,kechengsizhengjianshejiushiyaoshixianjiazhisuzaoyuzhishichuanshou、nenglipeiyangyitihuatuijin,bazhuanyejiaoyuyusixiangzhengzhijiaoyujinmironghe,xingchengxietongxiaoying。

  dier,jianchixianxingjiaoyuheyinxingjiaoyuxiangtongyi。zaichongfenfahuisizhenglilunkezhongyaozuoyongdetongshi,yonghaoyinxingjiaoyuqudao,wajuegeleikechengzhongyunhandesizhengjiaoyuyuansu,jixingcheng“jingtaopaian”deshengshi,yechansheng“runwuwusheng”dexiaoguo。

  disan,jianchitongchouxiediaohefenleizhidaoxiangtongyi。jijiaqiangdingcengshejixiediaotuijin,jianlibaokuoneirongtixi、jiaoxuetixihegongzuotixizaineideyizhengtaokechengsizhengjiansheyurentixi,yeyaozhenduibutongzhuanye、butongkechengdetedianqianghuafenleizhidao,buduantigaokechengsizhengjianshedeshuiping。

  disi,jianchizongjiechuanchenghechuangxintansuoxiangtongyi。yifangmianjishizongjiegedigegaoxiaodianxingjingyan,xingchengkefuzhituiguangdejingyanzuofa;lingyifangmiantongguoxuanshudianxing,yi“dian”dai“mian”,guligaoxiaojijitansuo,xingchengkechengsizhengjianshequanmiantuijindelianghaojumian。

   四、课程思政内容是课程思政建设的核心,在构建课程思政的内容体系方面,《纲要》是如何考虑的? 

BG真人官网  da: 《gangyao》tichu,yaoweiraojiandingxueshenglixiangxinnian,yiaidang、aiguo、aishehuizhuyi、airenmin、aijitiweizhuxian,weiraozhengzhirentong、jiaguoqinghuai、wenhuaxiuyang、xianfafazhiyishi、daodexiuyangdengzhongdianneirongyouhuakechengsizhengneironggongji,mingquelekechengsizhengwugefangmiandezhuyaoneirong。

  yishituijinbgzhenrenguanwangxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiang“sanjin”,buduanjiaqiangmakesizhuyililunjiaoyu,zhelituidongdangdechuangxinlilunjiaoyu,zengqiangxueshengduidangdechuangxinlilundezhengzhirentong、sixiangrentong、qingganrentong,jianding“sigezixin”。

BG真人官网  ershipeiyuhejianxingshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguan,jiaoyuxueshengshenkelijieshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguandefengfuneihan,zhunquebawoqijingshenshizhi,yindaoxueshengbashiyelixianghedaodezhuiqiurongruguojiajianshe,jiangshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguanneihuaweijingshenzhuiqiu,waihuaweizijuexingdong。

  sanshijiaqiangzhonghuayouxiuchuantongwenhuajiaoyu,dalihongyangyiaiguozhuyiweihexindeminzujingshen,jiaoyuyindaoxueshengshenkelijiezhonghuayouxiuchuantongwenhuadesixiangjinghuaheshidaijiazhi,wanshandaxueshengdedaodepinzhi,peiyulixiangrenge,zhanxianzhonghuawenhuadewuqiongmeiliheshidaifengcai。

BG真人官网  sishishenrubgzhenrenguanwangxianfafazhijiaoyu,jiaoyuxueshenglaogushulifazhiguannian,jiandingzouzhongguoteseshehuizhuyifazhidaoludelixianghexinnian,shenhuaduifazhilinian、fazhiyuanze、zhongyaofalvgainianderenzhi,tigaoyunyongfazhisiweihefazhifangshiweihuzishenquanli、canyushehuigonggongshiwu、huajiemaodunjiufendeyishihenengli。

  wushishenhuazhiyelixianghezhiyedaodejiaoyu,bangzhuxueshenglejiexiangguanzhuanyehexingyelingyudefazhantaishi,lejieguojiafazhanzhanlvehexingyexuqiu,zengqiangzhiyezerengan,jiaoyuyindaoxueshengzhunquelijiebingzijuejianxinggexingyedezhiyejingshenhezhiyeguifan。

   五、《纲要》是如何构建课程思政的课程教学体系的? 

BG真人官网  da: gaoxiaojiaoshide80%shizhuanyejiaoshi,kechengde80%shizhuanyekecheng,xueshengxuexishijiande80%yongyuzhuanyexuexi,zhuanyekechengjiaoxueshikechengsizhengdezuizhuyaodeyituo。《gangyao》genjujiaoyujiaoxueguilvherencaipeiyangguilv,jiehexuekezhuanyejianshetedian,duikechengsizhengjiaoxuetixijinxingyouzhenduixingdisheji。

BG真人官网  genjubutongkechengdexuekezhuanyetedianheyurenyaoqiu,anzhaogonggongjichuke、zhuanyeke、shijianleikecheng3zhongkechengleixing,fenbiemingquelemeileikechengjinxingkechengsizhengjianshedezhongdian。qizhong,youanzhaoxuekezhuanyetedian,fenbietichuwenshizhelei、jingguanfalei、jiaoyuxuelei、ligonglei、nongxuelei、yixuelei、yishulei7daleizhuanyekechengdejutijianshemubiao,shigegezhuanyejiaoxueyuanxi、geweizhuanyekejiaoshidounengzaikechengsizhengjianshegongzuozhongzhaodaozijide“jiaose”、ganchuzijide“tese”。gaodengzhiyexuexiaogenjugaozhizhuanyefenleihekechengshezhiqingkuang,fenleituijin。

   六、课堂教学是课程思政建设的主渠道,《纲要》在抓好课堂教学建设方面有哪些重点举措? 

  da:《gangyao》tichu,kechengsizhengjiansheyaozaiketangjiaoxuezhongzhenzhengluodiluoshi,yaobakechengsizhengrongruketangjiaoxuejianshedequanguocheng。

  shouxianshiyaozhuahaoketangjiaoxueguanli,jinyibuzhidaogaoxiaoxiudingketangjiaoxueguanliguiding,zaiketangjiaoxueguanliguidingzhongquanmianrongrukechengsizhengjiansheyaoqiu。gaoxiaoyaozaikechengmubiaosheji、jiaoxuedagangxiuding、jiaocaibianshenxuanyong、jiaoankejianbianxiedenggefangmianxiagongfuluoshidaowei。

BG真人官网  qicishiyaozongheyunyongdiyiketanghedierketang,tebieshishenruwajuedierketangdesizhengjiaoyuyuansu,jiang“duwanjuanshu”yu“xingwanlilu”xiangjiehe,shenrubgzhenrenguanwangduozhongxingshideshehuishijian、zhiyuanfuwu、shixishixunhuodong,tuozhankechengsizhengjianshefangfahetujing。

  disanshiyaozaijiaoyujiaoxuefangfashangbuduangaigechuangxin,yixueshengdexuexichengxiaoweimubiao,shenrubgzhenrenguanwangyixueshengweizhongxindejiaoxuefangshihexueyepingjiafangshigaige,jifaxueshengxuexixingqu,yindaoxueshengshenrusikao,shixiansixiangqidihejiazhiyinling。dangdaidaxueshengshizaihulianwanghuanjingxiachengzhangqilaideyidai,kechengsizhengjiaoxueyaojijishiyingxueshengxuexifangshidezhuanbian,jijituijinxiandaixinxijishuzaiketangzhongdeyingyong,chuangxinketangjiaoxuemoshi。

   七、课程思政建设的效果怎么样,关键在教师。在提高教师课程思政建设意识和能力方面,《纲要》有哪些考虑? 

BG真人官网  da: 《gangyao》mingquelewufangmiandeyaoqiu。

  yishiyao“guanggongxiang”,jianlijianquanyouzhiziyuangongxiangjizhi,fenquyu、fenxuekezhuanyelingyubgzhenrenguanwangjingchangxingdedianxingjingyanjiaoliu、xianchangjiaoxueguanmo、jiaoshijiaoxuepeixundenghuodong。

BG真人官网  ershiyao“qiangpeixun”,jiangkechengsizhengjiansheyaoqiuheneirongnarujiaoshigangqianpeixun、zaigangpeixunheshideshifeng、jiaoxuenenglizhuantipeixundeng。

BG真人官网  sanshiyao“zhonghezuo”,chongfenfahuijiaoyanshi、jiaoxuetuandui、kechengzudengjicengjiaoxuebgzhenrenguanwangzuoyong,jianlikechengsizhengjitijiaoyanzhidu。

  sishiyao“shubiaolv”,gulizhichiyuanshi、“zhangjiangxuezhe”、“jieqing”、guojiajijiaoxuemingshidengdaitoubgzhenrenguanwangkechengsizhengjianshe,chongfenfahuishifandaidongzuoyong。

  wushiyao“shenyanjiu”,jiaqiangkechengsizhengjianshezhongdian、nandian、qianzhanxingwentideyanjiu,zaijiaoyubuzhexueshehuikexueyanjiuxiangmuzhongjijizhichikechengsizhengleiyanjiuxuanti。

  八、在推进课程思政建设工作落实方面,《纲要》提出了哪些工作要求? 

BG真人官网  da: kechengsizhengjiansheshiyixiangzhangqixing、xitongxingdegongcheng,jianliwanshandekechengsizhengdegongzuojizhishiquebaokechengsizhengjianshequdechengxiaogenbenbaozhang。

  yishiyao“shangxia”tongbuqidong。“shang”daozhanlvejingxinmouhua,jiaoyubujiangchenglikechengsizhengjianshegongzuoxiediaoxiaozu,tongchouyanjiuzhongdazhengce,zhidaogedigegaoxiaobgzhenrenguanwanggongzuo。chengligaoxiaokechengsizhengjianshezhuanjiazixunweiyuanhui,tigongzhuanjiazixunyijian。“xia”daoyixianluodishenggen,gedijiaoyubumenhegaoxiaoyaoqieshijiaqiangduikechengsizhengjianshedelingdao,xingchengdangweitongyilingdao、dangzhengqizhuagongguan、jiaowubumenqiantouzhuazong、xiangguanbumenxietongliandong、yuanxiluoshituijindegongzuogeju,tongshiyaomingquejingfeizhichi,jiaqiangkechengsizhengjingfeibaozhang。

BG真人官网  ershiyonghaopingjiazheigen“zhihuibang”,jianlijianquanduoweidudekechengsizhengjianshezhiliangpingjiatixihejilijizhi,bakechengsizhengjianshechengxiaozuowei“shuangyiliu”jianshejianceyuchengxiaopingjia、xuekepinggu、benkejiaoxuepinggu、yiliuzhuanyeheyiliukechengjianshe、zhuanyerenzheng、“shuanggaojihua”pingjia、gaoxiaohuoyuanxijiaoxuejixiaokaohedengdezhongyaoneirong。

  sanshizhuahaokechengsizhengshifandianxing,chixushenruzhuadianxing、shubiaogan、tuijingyan,jiansheguojia、shengji、gaoxiaoduocengcishifantixi,xuanshuyipikechengsizhengjianshexianxinggaoxiao,xuanshuyipikechengsizhengshifankecheng,xuanshuyipijiaoxuetuanduihejiaoxuemingshi,jiansheyipikechengsizhengjiaoxueshifanzhongxin,sheliyipikechengsizhengjiansheyanjiuxiangmu,zaiquanguoshulikechengsizhengjiaoxuebiaogan。

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